Discrepancies of Social Frustration in Gaitlif's "Exils" (2004)
Spain and France have entertained mutual reflections around their similar situations regarding Muslim immigration. As traditionally Catholic countries, the often problematic evolution of integration within the mainstream culture have followed common patterns. However, the two countries are in different moments of their history and there are echoes of social frustrations around non-integrated immigrant communities on both sides of the Pyrenees. This phenomenon is particularly interesting to observe in artistic and cultural representations of social frustrations in songs and films. I propose to analyze sequences from French director Tony Gatlif in his 2004 film "Exils." Gatlif proposes a re-configuration of the Iberian Peninsula through the travels and peregrination of two French grandsons of Maghrebi immigrants. This paper will analyze their encounter with Muslim immigrants. Through the misunderstanding of two communities sharing the same experience and origin, he underlines the similarities of social histories in France and Spain.
Keywords: Gatlif, Immigration, Exils, Spain, France
Dr. Frederic Conrod
Assistant Professor Spanish Cultural Studies, College of Arts and Sciences