The Middle Class in Burma: Migration of Bengali to Burma (1901-1937)
Diaspora is a Greek word applies to the context of dispersion of Jews after the Babylonian context outside Palestine, but it can be applicable to the Indians who spread throughout the world after the establishment of colonial rule in Burma. The concept of Indian immigration is a broad. This paper aims to present history of migration of educated Bengali intelligentsia who were middle class and product of Western education. This is significant as the Bengalis were the most dominating class in the colonial Burma and they had contributed to a large extent to the colonial masters and for the development of Burma economically. The first aspect of this paper will narrate the historical relation between India and Burma starting from the ancient days when the Buddhism was spread to Southeast Asia. Following this, the paper would analyse how the migration of these Bengalis were restored under the colonial patronage. As such, I will attempt identify the Bengali middle class. The paper would like to present two types of Bengali diaspora in the colonial Burma. One is the Bengali who migrated to Burma in search of employment. Another types of Bengali who often went their for political reasons. Those Bengalis were called as nationalists. They went their either for shelter to be away from the eyes of the British rulers or to make revolution. On the basis of these discussions the paper would have its concluding observation. The paper would be based on the primary and secondary sources.
Keywords: Bengali, Middle Class, Colonial Burma
Prof. Paramita Das
Ph.D student, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University