Information and Communication Technologies for Least Developed Countries (ICTs4LCDs): Exemplified on the Republic of Yemen
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have a major impact on western societies concerning economy, politics and culture. These technologies are a main driving force for societal progress and prosperity within such societies. But this development is still very limited and huge regions of the world are totally cut off from the global information flow and have not jet arrived in the so-called information age. Different kinds of endeavours to bridge this digital divide are undertaken by various institutions mainly from the first world. These development activities often seem to be taken out in a “retro-colonial” way, which means that western technologies and the fields of their applications are put over developing countries without taking into account the local conditions and needs. The aim of this paper is to identify sustainable strategies for the use of ICTs especially in Least Developed Countries (LCDs). For this purpose a case study in the Republic of Yemen will be carried out. Based on expert interview surveys with Yemeni decision-makers and questionnaires for the general public recommendations for the sustainable implementation of ICTs in Least Developed Countries will be formulated.
Keywords: Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), Least Developed Countries, Digital Divide, Sustainable Development, Republic of Yemen
Robert M. Bichler
Research and Teaching Assistant, ICT&S Center - Center for Advanced Studies and Research