Determinants of Gender Differences in Child Mortality in Pakistan
South Asia is a region marred by extreme levels of gender bias against the female children. The most severe form of such gender bias exists in the form of gender differences in mortality leading to excess female mortality. This paper looks into the phenomena for Pakistan and tries to document the extent and determinants of gender bias in child mortality in Pakistan using the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 1990-91. Use of recently developed Bayesian Geoadditve Discrete-time Survival Model indicates education of parents and health seeking behaviour of mother plays an important role in reducing children mortality, specifically for the girl child.
Keywords: Child Mortality, Gender Bias, Geoadditive Regression
Doctoral Candidate, Department of Economics, University of Goettingen Germany
Prof. Stephan Klasen
Professor, Department of Economics, University of Goettingen Germany