The Social and Cultural Dimension of Tuberculosis: A Case Study of Patients Under Tuberculosis Control Program In West Java, Indonesia
It presents illness experience of the tuberculosis patients and their families during the treatment, particularly those aspects which convinced them proceed with the treatment or withdrawal. Among patients, they view TB as a serious lung disease, wounded lungs. It transmitted through air borne, eating utensil, blood line. The symptoms of TB includes prolonged coughing, thin body, blood cough. The source of TB are dust, air pollution, bad life habit (smokes, drinks), inherit from parents. Having a TB means experience of deterioration of the body as well as loss control over the body, and overwhelming change of the body. Since TB is contagious, the social alienation during sickness may appear as the result to prevent transmission. Some patients withdraw from social relation. Limits knowledge on the nature of TB and size up the stigmatization. The social and cultural dimension of TB give an explanation about the patients view on illness and TB, how it influences the interpretation on the meaning of having TB and also how it influences attitude and practice towards its treatment, and the root of attitude on adherence/non adherence on TB treatment started and developed.
Keywords: Social, Cultural, Tuberculosis
Lecturer, Department of Anthropology