An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Economic Growth
Scholars of interdisciplinarity such as Julie Klein, Bill Newell, and myself have in recent decades suggested processes or strategies for the performance of interdisciplinary analysis. These are usefully integrated in a forthcoming textbook in interdisciplinary studies by Allen Repko. While these processes have been developed inductively by observing interdisciplinary research, they have not been applied purposely to the examination of any major issue in social science. This paper – part of a larger book project – discusses how such processes can usefully be applied to the study of economic growth. It is thus simultaneously an exploration of how to do interdisciplinary social science and how to comprehend economic growth. It shows how a variety of distinct research programs across all social science disciplines can be integrated to achieve a more comprehensive understanding of economic growth. While the paper will review the various steps ideally involved in interdisciplinary analysis, the presentation will focus on how ‘common ground’ can be achieved in areas in which different disciplines appear to produce quite different insights: notably on the role of government, the role of international trade relationships, and the process through which economic institutions are and should be developed. In each case, a careful evaluation of the assumptions driving theoretical insights, the meanings that different disciplines attach to concepts, and the evidence cited in support of these insights, allows a more nuanced understanding to be developed. Of particular importance, social scientists are rarely careful in defining the range of circumstances in which a particular theory is applicable, and thus common ground can often be achieved by clarifying the range of applicability of competing theories.
Keywords: Economic Growth, Interdisciplinarity, Theories, Methods, Classification
Prof. Rick Szostak
Professor, Economics, University of Alberta